dc motor brushless vs brushed

Syed Zurnain Abbas

DC Motors: Brushless vs. Brushed –  JIECANG

dc motor brushless vs brushed

In the realm of electric motors, DC (Direct Current) motors are crucial for a myriad of applications, ranging from simple household appliances to advanced industrial machinery. Among these, brushed and brushless DC motors are two primary types, each with its distinct characteristics and applications. This article will delve into the differences between brushed and brushless DC motors, their advantages and disadvantages.

Brushed DC Motors

Brushed DC motors are among the oldest and simplest types of electric motors. They operate using mechanical brushes and a commutator to supply current to the motor windings, which generates motion. These motors are known for their straightforward design and ease of control.

Key Components:

Stator: The stationary part that produces the magnetic field.

Rotor (Armature): The rotating part where the current flows.

Commutator: A segmented ring that reverses the current direction through the rotor windings.

Brushes: Conductive material that maintains electrical contact with the commutator.

How They Work:

Brushed DC motors function by switching the direction of the current through the rotor windings via the commutator and brushes. This switching creates a rotating magnetic field that drives the rotor’s motion, converting electrical energy into mechanical energy.

Brushless DC Motors

Brushless DC motors (BLDC), on the other hand, utilize electronic controllers to switch the current in the windings, eliminating the need for brushes and a commutator. This design results in higher efficiency and lower maintenance requirements.

Key Components:

Stator: Contains the windings and is usually fixed in place.

Rotor: Embedded with permanent magnets and rotates to create motion.

Electronic Controller: Replaces the mechanical commutator and brushes, electronically controlling the current flow.

How They Work:

BLDC motors operate by electronically switching the current through the stator windings in a controlled manner, creating a rotating magnetic field that interacts with the permanent magnets on the rotor. This interaction drives the rotor to rotate, producing motion without physical brushes.

Brushed vs. Brushless DC Motors: A Comparative Analysis

Advantages of Brushed DC Motors:

Simple Design: Their straightforward construction makes them easy to understand and control.

Low Initial Cost: Brushed motors are generally less expensive to produce and purchase.

High Torque at Low Speeds: They are capable of delivering strong torque at lower speeds, making them suitable for applications requiring high starting torque.

Disadvantages of Brushed DC Motors:

Maintenance Requirements: The brushes and commutator wear out over time and need regular maintenance or replacement.

Noise and Friction: The mechanical contact between brushes and the commutator generates noise and friction, reducing efficiency and lifespan.

Limited Speed Range: They are less efficient at high speeds and can overheat if operated beyond their optimal range.

Advantages of Brushless DC Motors:

High Efficiency: BLDC motors operate more efficiently due to the absence of mechanical brushes, reducing energy losses.

Low Maintenance: With no brushes to replace, they require minimal maintenance, leading to lower operational costs.

Extended Lifespan: The lack of mechanical wear components enhances their longevity.

Quiet Operation: Reduced friction results in quieter operation, ideal for noise-sensitive applications.

Precision and Control: Electronic control allows for precise speed and position control, beneficial for complex and high-precision applications.

Disadvantages of Brushless DC Motors:

Higher Initial Cost: The complexity of electronic controllers and motor design makes BLDC motors more expensive upfront.

Complex Control Systems: They require sophisticated electronic control systems, which can be complex to design and implement.

Applications of Brushed and Brushless DC Motors

Brushed DC Motor Applications:

Household Appliances: Fans, mixers, and hair dryers often use brushed motors for their simplicity and cost-effectiveness.

Automotive: Used in starter motors, windshield wipers, and electric windows where high starting torque is required.

Industrial: Ideal for applications with low speed and high torque needs, such as conveyor belts and winches.

Brushless DC Motor Applications:

Consumer Electronics: Found in hard drives, DVD players, and computer cooling fans due to their quiet and efficient operation.

Automotive: Powering electric and hybrid vehicles, where efficiency and reliability are paramount.

Robotics: Providing precise control and smooth operation for robotic arms and automated systems.

Medical Equipment: Used in devices like ventilators and imaging systems that require precise and reliable performance.

JIECANG Brushless DC Motors:

Advanced Technology: JIECANG employs cutting-edge technology to develop brushless motors that deliver superior performance and reliability.

High Efficiency: Their motors are designed to operate with optimal efficiency, reducing energy consumption and operational costs.

Durability: Built with robust materials and components, JIECANG’s motors offer exceptional durability and longevity.

Precision Control: JIECANG motors come with advanced electronic controllers that provide precise speed and position control, ideal for complex applications.

Low Maintenance: The brushless design minimizes maintenance requirements, ensuring continuous and reliable operation.

Recommended JIECANG Brushless DC Motor Products:

JIECANG JC25B Brushless Motor: Perfect for applications requiring high efficiency and low noise, such as medical equipment and consumer electronics.

JIECANG JC35C Heavy-Duty Motor: Ideal for industrial automation and heavy-duty applications, offering robust performance and long service life.

JIECANG JC35E Compact Motor: Suitable for space-constrained environments, providing reliable and efficient operation in a compact form factor.


Both brushed and brushless DC motors have their unique advantages and are suitable for different applications based on their characteristics. While brushed motors are simpler and cost-effective, brushless motors offer higher efficiency, lower maintenance, and longer lifespan. JIECANG’s brushless DC motors, with their advanced technology and superior performance, are an excellent choice for a wide range of applications. Whether you need precise control in robotics or efficient operation in consumer electronics, JIECANG provides reliable and innovative solutions to meet your needs.

For more information and related products about DC motor brushless vs brushed, please visit https://www.jiecang.com/

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